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Common Types of Medical Errors

Common Types of Medical Errors

When we go to the doctor, we expect healing, not to leave in a worse condition than when we arrived. Unfortunately, every year, thousands of people in the United States may be affected by a medical error, anything ranging from prescribing a drug that interacts with other medications prescribed to having surgery on the wrong part of the body – or even on the wrong patient.

The common medical errors below can occur in a hospital setting, doctor’s office, or long-term care facilities like nursing homes. Medical professionals are not infallible, and while mistakes can happen, sometimes the medical error is, in fact, the result of negligence or oversight. If you or someone you love suffered because of one of these types of medical errors, you could have grounds to file a lawsuit for medical malpractice. Call our offices today to learn about your options.

What Is a Medical Error?

An article published in the National Library of Medicine notes that medical errors fall into two categories:

  • Errors of omission or medical errors occurring because of actions not taken (such as failing to run certain tests or not strapping a patient into a wheelchair)
  • Errors of commission, or errors because the wrong action was taken (like leaving an item inside a patient after surgery)

Fear of punishment and job loss contributes to the under-reporting of medical errors. In many cases, the patient isn’t aware of the error until they notice that their health is deteriorating.

The same article from the National Library of Medicine (NLM) notes that among the most common types of medical errors are:

Delayed Diagnosis or Misdiagnosis

A diagnostic error affects anywhere from 40,000 to 80,000 people every year and occurs more often in solo-practice conditions, in which the doctor doesn’t have the opportunity to easily cross-reference with colleagues or other healthcare professionals. Misdiagnosis errors are less likely to happen in healthcare institutions, where patients are seen by multiple healthcare providers.

The most common form this error takes is failure to order the right tests to diagnose the patient, followed by prematurely closing the diagnostic process (and not exploring further options). The third most common kind of diagnostic error is delayed treatment after the initial diagnosis. Failure to accurately read test results can also lead to misdiagnosis.

Hospital Acquired Infection

One in twenty people in a hospital setting in the U.S. develops an infection while being treated there, to the tune of $35 billion dollars per year. Infections in patients largely occur due to a lack of protocols for sanitation or a lack of adherence to protocols and basic cleanliness. Poor training or lack of sanitation for Foley and other catheters is also a leading cause of hospital-acquired infections.

Wrong Medication

Medication errors most often occur when the wrong information is entered in a patient’s chart. Handwritten information, including the medication type, dose, and frequency, may lead to more errors than barcoding and computerization. But if the wrong information is entered initially, then errors can still happen.

Accidental overdose could be fatal, as could drug interactions. Sometimes, medication errors may result if the patient fails to disclose everything they’re taking, including over-the-counter meds and alternative treatments. Medical professionals need to know everything a patient is taking to avoid issues.

Falls and Dropped Patients

Falls and the accompanying injuries can be deadly, especially for the elderly population. Failure to use the right restraints or communicate the use of restraints is a common reason for falls. Understaffing is another one. Some patients may not wait for help with transfers, like going from bed to wheelchair or sitting to standing, and may try to move themselves on their own.

Other preventable reasons for falls are improper lifting training and lack of staffing to perform patient lifts. Most lifts require two people and special techniques to avoid dropping the patient. Untrained healthcare attendants, or careless ones, could injure a patient.

Surgical Errors

At least 4,000 surgical errors occur in the U.S. each year. Surgery on the wrong body part is one of the most common errors. It’s not just human error that causes surgical mistakes. Using robotic equipment in surgery or surgical robots has resulted in increasing instances of hemorrhaging due to lacerations and other damage to the tissue surrounding the surgical site.

Surgical errors may be due to a lack of training and a lack of rules and regulations for surgeries. Other reasons for surgical errors include communication gaps between surgeons and anesthetists or the surgical staff or even communication errors between surgeon and patient.

Nursing Home Errors

Common Types of Medical ErrorsIf a medical error occurred in a nursing home, it may not just be the fault of the healthcare worker who committed it. Problems with charting or logging resident information, including health conditions or medications, as well as negligent hiring on the part of the nursing home management.

A nursing home resident could suffer injury through an improperly administered lift or because of a fall. Infections can quickly spread throughout a nursing home, too. Many residents have compromised immune systems or otherwise may be more likely to get sick. Lack of proper infection prevention protocol on the part of the nursing home and lack of adherence to the set standards by the staff may lead to an outbreak of deadly infections.

Have You Been a Victim of Medical Malpractice?

If you or a loved one have suffered further injury or a deteriorating medical condition due to one of these common errors, we can help. The experienced medical malpractice lawyers from Schuler, Weisser, Zoeller, Overbeck & Baxter P.A. work with injured patients and their families to secure the money they need to rectify the medical error. We can hold the negligent healthcare professionals liable for the harm they caused and may name the healthcare facility you were treated in as a defendant, too.

Our mission is to fight for full and fair compensation for your losses so that you can heal and recover as much as possible. We offer a free consultation, so call us today at 561.689.8180 to speak with a compassionate member of our legal team. If you think you’ve been the victim of medical malpractice, don’t go through it alone. Call us now at 561.689.8180.

Last Updated : February 20, 2024
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